C and C++ are programming languages that are widely used all over the world for developing software and applications. You might have the question in mind what is the difference between C and C++ so today we are going to answer that. C, the middle-level programming language was developed at the Bell Labs by Dennis Ritchie in 1972. It combines the features of both high-level and low-level languages. While C++ is a language that contains the features of both C and Simula67, the first object-oriented language. It introduced the concepts of class and objects for the first time. It is also an intermediate language that has both high-level and low-level language features. It was earlier called “C with classes” as it contains all the properties of the C language.
Source :- techdifferences.com
Now, let us talk about the key differences that both the programming languages have in them. The first and the foremost difference is that C is a procedural language while C++ is an object-oriented language. C language follows the top-down programming language approach while C++ follows the bottom-up programming approach.
The file extension of C program is .c while that of C++ is .cpp. The program division of C is divided into small pieces called the functions while the objects and the classes are the small divisions in C++. An inline function is not supported in C while it is supported in C++. The feature of the function declaration is not provided in Structure in C while the Structure in C++ provides the function declaring feature.
Source :- medium.com
There are differences in the standard IO operations as well in both languages. Scan and printf are used for standard input and output operations. While cin>> and cout<< are the standard IO operations in C++. The data is not secured in C while the data remains secured in C++ as it can’t be accessed by external functions.
Talking about ease of coding, C is an older programming knowledge and is described as Hands-on means you have to tell the program to do everything you want to do. You have to give commands and this language will do almost everything for you. C++ which is an extension of C will allow for a high-controlled object-oriented code.
Another big difference between C and C++ is that C is not compatible with other languages while C++ is compatible with other generic languages. Also, C++ supports both pointers and references while C supports only pointers.