WebRTC (Web Real Time Communications) is a browser-based standard that allows for real-time peer-to-peer conversation and media data sharing without the need to download and install additional software or add-ons. Any browser can operate as a video conferencing endpoint thanks to WebRTC: all you have to do is open your meeting web page to begin video conferencing. WebRTC use cases, its most common use cases, and Webrtc in video conferencing software development are all covered in this article.
WebRTC Use Cases
Google Meet is a 2017 Google instant messaging, audio, and video communication tool. Many secret WebRTC capabilities that aren’t documented in the standards are used by Chromium-based browsers (Google Chrome, for example). New WebRTC releases, like as screen capture, blurred backgrounds, and hardware encryption for select systems, are frequently incorporated into Google Meet (as with its predecessor, Google Hangouts).
8×8 has published Jitsi Meet as an open-source application. Because Jitsi technology is based on Simulcast architecture, it may perform poorly in low bandwidth environments and requires a high-speed Internet connection on the server side. Jitsi only enables browser-based conferences and does not provide full-featured video conferencing software. It is possible to have a meeting with up to 75 people using Jitsi (up to 35 for high-quality experience). However, since Jitsi is not a ready-made solution, extensive programming skills are required to fully use it in a small business setting.
BigBlueButton is a free video conferencing program with an emphasis on education. BigBlueButton can host video meetings with up to 100 people and has a number of useful tools for distance learning, such as an interactive whiteboard, content sharing, polls, breakout rooms, and more.
What’s the Deal with Zoom WebRTC?
Zoom does not employ WebRTC technology to send and decode media data in order to conserve server resources, contrary to widespread misconception. Zoom uses additional web technologies like WebAssembly and WebSocket on the browser side. Low audio and video quality, as well as connection issues, may occur from non-standard techniques of transporting video feeds.
WebRTC and Video Conferencing Market
Popularity of Technology
After Zoom’s proprietary video protocol, WebRTC is now the second most common video protocol. WebRTC outperforms all other protocols, both open (H.323 and SIP) and closed (Microsoft Teams and Cisco Webex).
An Increase in the Number of Video Conferencing Endpoints
WebRTC has had a significant influence on the video conferencing industry. Since the first browsers supporting WebRTC were released in 2013, the number of possible video conferencing endpoints has surged by 1 billion devices across the globe. In reality, every browser today functions as a rudimentary video conferencing endpoint.
Flash vs. WebRTC
WebRTC and HTML5 were a death knell for Flash, which was already on its way out. Since 2017, all major browsers have stopped supporting Flash, thereby eradicating the technology from the market trends.
Benefits of the Standard
- No software installation is required.
- Modern video and audio codecs (VP8, H.264) are used (Opus).
- Automatic adjustment of stream quality to connection conditions.
- Built-in echo and noise cancellation.
- Automatic level control of participants’ microphones (AGC).
- TLS and SRTP protocols are used to safeguard and encrypt all connections, providing a high level of security.
- For example, the desktop features a built-in material collection mechanism.
- The ability to combine the interface with any back-end services via WebSockets.
- An open-source project might be included in your product or service.
- True cross-platform: as long as the browser supports WebRTC, the same WebRTC application will operate on any operating system, including desktop and mobile. Developing software for WebRTC is therefore simplified.
Do you want a secure and high-quality video conferencing product that is fully customized to your needs? Qualified specialists from webrtc development company Trembit know how to help you.